Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): The client becomes expert of his/her eating problem and body image issues, about the mechanisms maintaining these (physiological, cognitive and emotional), and specific techniques to minimize their influence upon eating, views of shape and weight. Research shows CBT provided on an outpatient basis is highly effective for treating most eating disorders.
Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT): ACT teaches the client how to actively pursue a fuller, more meaningful life despite negative thinking about food or body image. As a beneficial side effect, thinking related to food, weight and shape changes for the better. ACT is beginning to rival CBT in outcome studies for eating disorders.
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT): As a client resolves ongoing interpersonal difficulties (interpersonal role disputes, role transitions, grief reactions, or interpersonal deficits), concern with food, weight or shape subsides. Compared to CBT, IPT has been shown through research to be equally effective, although clients do not show improvement as quickly as with pure CBT for eating disorders.
*EDs do not discriminate by sex, gender, age, race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status. Also, low weight is only one potential indicator of the existence or severity of an ED; indeed, 2/3 of those affected are of average or above average weight.
To Influence Your Weight or Shape, You…
Skip meals or go as many as 8 hours without eating.
Refuse foods you love, or whole food groups.
Follow rigid rules for your eating.
In one sitting, will eat what most would see as an unusually large amount.
Exercise excessively, induce vomiting, use laxatives or diuretics.
Are frightened of losing control over your eating.
Are terrified of gaining weight.
Define yourself by your shape or weight.
Maintain little energy for other interests (relationships, school, work, recreation, etc.) due to focus on food, weight or shape.
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